What how the global water demand will

What is
happening?

? One of the most abundant and reliable resources is Water, and
Canada holds about 7% of the world’s freshwater supply, which can be sold
across our borders.

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? Occasionally, Canada exports water to other countries
including America, China, and the UK to fulfill their immediate need.

? But to make it an ongoing process, we need a legal system to
treat it as “goods,” just like we do with oil and wheat.

When did this
start?

? Exporting icebergs for drinkable water is not a new concept.

? In fact, this is one of the many schemes made to obtain this
valuable resource for those who require it.

? The proposals for achieving this idea has been around for as
early as the 70s.

Where is
this issue occurring?

O It is occurring in Canada
specifically in Newfoundland where most of Canada’s icebergs are found.

O In Canada, the provincial
government of Newfoundland has issued an export license for icebergs since
1999.

O 90% of Newfoundland’s icebergs
originate from the glaciers of western Greenland, and the rest comes from
Canada’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

Why is
this happening?

> The economy will also grow as
a result of rapid population growth, which means there will be more shortage of
water.

> Also, climate change can soon
cause more people to face water scarcity in the coming future.

> As you can see in the chart to
the right, predictions have been made about how the global water demand will
increase in 2050.

What is
controversial about this issue?

? Canada is open-handedly giving
away freshwater to foreign countries, which is
seen as environmentally irresponsible.

? People are contradicting this by
saying that Canada should take advantage of its abundant supply of water by
selling it for profit.

? Public reaction and the political
environment would likely prevent the export of water even if it were economically possible.

Consequences

Political

Without an export policy, water is
exported from Canada to fulfill the need of countries requiring it.

Social

It would affect the jobs of the
people who are involved in the water harvesting and bottling water industry.

Environmental

Large-scale water removal of water
will negatively affect ecosystems, increase pollution and harm plants, animals,
& communities.

Examples:

* Marine life

* Commercial fishing,

* Tourism and recreation;

* Change in local weather patterns
and long-term climate.

 Economical

Giving the exact amount of cost
involved in export is difficult. Only a single iceberg-towing vessel can cost
about $75,000 a day.

 

Solutions

We can make changes in individual,
community, and national level. Individuals can reduce water consumption by taking
shorter showers, closing taps after use, etc. Communities can also work
together in water conservation projects to spread awareness about water usage.
Together they can share their knowledge with other countries around the world.
Canada should make a policy to share this supply with deprived nations, which
would be profitable, reasonable, and long-lasting. This way, we can aim to
sustain this precious resource for the upcoming generations. 

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