Unlike to be able to communicate effectively.

Unlike children who pick up a native language naturally, learning a new language in one’s youth or as an adult is much more challenging. It is very different in learning a language naturally since childhood and consciously choosing to learn a language that one has no or little exposure too. A native language develops as part of oneself over a large number of years and one becomes fluent automatically, whereas learning a new/ second language puts a high demand on learning in a time-bound fashion what should actually take years to master.

A few of the challenges in learning language may be that one can learn perfect grammar and vocabulary, but fluency remains a challenge, or one can speak the language but does not understand others/ native speakers when they speak.

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Hence, an effective language lesson needs to address all aspects of a language — Grammar, vocabulary, reading, writing, listening, conversation — in a manner that it can hep the student use the language in daily life, since the objective of learning a language is to be able to communicate effectively.
 
Learning by oneself and learning as part of a group has distinctly different learning outcomes, Learning alone does not allow the opportunity to understand the progress, however, learning in a group would allow much more opportunity to interact, converse and practice speaking and using the language, and to listen to and try to understand others. opportunities for tests, quizzes, and assessments allows for some competition, which can work as a motivator. 

One of the most important elements is the ability of the teacher / coach to be proficient in communicating and engaging the entire class.

Though grammar and vocabulary are important parts of learning a language, the ability to use it correctly in writing, speaking and understanding others becomes the most vital thing. Hence an effective method could be learning vocabulary in phrases that can be used immediately(colloquialism, pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and spelling have to go hand-in-hand.)

Task-based and practical learning might help learn the application of the language better and quicker. Other than text book exercises, word games, story books, movies, conversation practice etc. can engage students much better and encourage them to research some grammar and vocabulary on their own for more effective learning and keep them immersed wholly in the learning process. celebrating any kind of progress also goes a long way to motivate further learning. 

An effective language lesson should have a goal & objective for each class, should ideally be a fun and motivating experience, allowing a lot of practice focusing on student talk time, attempt to link between the lesson and everyday life. Also, effective would be if some parts of the cultural knowledge are also integrated into the 

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