The in the development of unplanned slums,

The development of the city was
designed based on the garden city concept of low density development and
landscaping as the master plan dedicated 32% of land area to open space and
parks (Abubakar & Doan, 2010) specifically, the
land use allocation is as follows: 33.2% for residential, 21.9% for commercial
and services, 25% for open spaces, 19.9% for roads, and 7% for parks (IPA,
1979). We can see that this kind of urban form is undeniably a Western concept
that encourages high level of interaction. The idea of the adopted Federal
Capital Territory Plan is to use open space and important urban structuring elements,
places for recreation and amenity, parks and gardens. However, from a survey of
the city, it is obvious that only very few parkways, recreational facilities,
parks and gardens have been developed (Adeponle, 2013).

Generally, the Housing development
in Abuja is grossly inadequate as a result of the rushed movement of workers
from Lagos to Abuja without adequate provision for accommodation. Failure to
provide “satisfactory housing in sufficient quantities to meet demand for housing”,
has frequently resulted in the development of unplanned slums, housing
shortages or both” (COHRE, 2008). The absence of
proper implementation in this field calls for a thorough review of urban and
regional planning strategies to meet the growing population and the deteriorating
situation visible in most parts of the city. Most of the lands allocated to recreation
are obstructed by illegal structures indiscriminately erected which distorted the
Master plan, and was later complicated by disregard for land use plan (El-Rufai, 2004)

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Distortions in the Implementation of the Abuja Master Plan

A Master Plan for a city is a
guide towards orderly development of that city. That of Abuja FCC cannot
therefore be an exception. To implement a Plan from the blue print to reality and
watch it grow is not an easy task especially from a developing country. Abuja
which was supposed to be a modern city and an enlightened vision of city development,
suffered over the years from unnecessary distortions. The civilian
administration that took over from the military regime in 1979 (when the master
plan was designed) departed from the principles that underlay the original
conception of the new federal capital.

The distortion started from the
creation of the Ministry of the Federal Capital Territory (MFCT) in 1980 and
it’s being super imposed on the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA).
The Ministry lacked the professional personnel to understand the idea of a
master plan and the need for detailed planning and design to be carried out
before the master plan could be realized. The 1999 International Conference on
the Review of the Abuja Master Plan highlighted some distortions (FCDA, 1999).
Major distortions include the following:

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