the children breathe air regularly polluted by

the
causes of second hand smoke includes serious cardiovascular and respiratory
diseases. In infants, it causes sudden death and in pregnant women, low birth
weight and more than 890,000 premature deaths per year. Almost half of the
children breathe air regularly polluted by tobacco smoke in public places. In 2004,
children were accounted for the 28% of the deaths attributed to second hand
smoking. Children with a parent who smokes are three times more likely to
smoke. It is estimated that each year at least 23,000 young people in England
and Wales start smoking by the age of 15 as a result of exposure to smoking at
home (RCP, 2010). This is the reason why a new legislation in England and Wales
made it illegal to smoke in a vehicle carrying someone under the age of 18 and
the fine for the offence is £50. This law is to protect children and young
people from the damaging effects of second-hand smoke, which can put them at
risk of serious health implications (Public Health of England).

 

Smoking worsens poverty in adults with mental
conditions in the UK. Analysis from the Health Survey for England and the Adult
Psychiatric Morbidity Survey reports that the number of adults in the UK with mental
health problems and who currently smoke are considered as living in poverty if
their expenditure on tobacco is being taken from their household income. The
analysis found that smoking prevalence is very high with adults in poverty who
have a mental problem with an estimated 900,000 to 1.2 million people with a
common mental disorder living in poverty who are currently smokers. 10% of the
estimated 1.3 million poor smokers with a common mental health problems would
be lifted from poverty if they were to quit smoking because the average annual
expenditure of a poor smoker with a mental disorder is about £1220. Therefore
smoking creates a very significant financial burden to an individual in a
deprived group (Social Care Institute for Excellence- Mental health, smoking
and poverty in the UK, 2016.)

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