SMART reported. Fig 1:Humidity Sensor 2. Temperature

SMART FARMING: AN IOT BASED
MONITORING SYSTEM

 

M.
Manasa1, B. Hari prasad2 T. Manasa3 D. Hari
Krishna4 k.Harish Kumar Reddy5

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Final Year Students, Computer
Science and Engineering, AITS, Rajampet

 

 

Abstract:

Smart farming has been introduced in many
countries and in India agriculture needs to be modernized with the introduction
of technologies for production improvement.

In this paper smart farming based on Internet
of Things was proposed in which humidity sensors and temperature sensors are
used to take the reading of the test soil and depending on the reading water
pump will be automatically powered on/off. With which human intervention can be
reduced to a maximum extent.

 

Keywords:
agriculture, Internet of Things, Sensors

Introduction:

In India most of the agriculture
is completely involves human intervention like human needs to see the fields
and depending on the condition he has to turn the pump on and needs to wait
till fields get sufficient water and then human turns off the pump.

In most of the villages
government will not provide 24 hrs current facility and current will be given
in the rotation basis for 8 hrs and so. And the farmer needs to wait for the
current to come and see the fields and turn on/off the pump depending on the
requirement. Night times its very dangerous for the farmers so many farmers are
losing their lives.

Proposed Model:

Devices Used:

1.      
Humidity
Sensor:

This sensor is
responsible for measuring the humidity in the sample soil and this will be
reported.

 

Fig 1:Humidity Sensor

2.       Temperature Sensor

This Sensor is
responsible for measuring the changes made in the test soil and this will be
reported.

 

Fig
2:Temperature Sesnor

 

3.       Pressure
Sensor

Using this sensor
the water pressure from the pump is identified and then farmer will be
intimated about the time to fill fields with water.

Fig. 3 Pressure
Sensor

4.      
Rain
Sensor

Rain Sensor is used to identify the rain
and it can be used for rain water harvesting.

 

Fig.4
Rain Sensor

 

5.      
PIR
Sensor

                                Fig
5. PIR Sensor

PIR Sensor is responsible to detect the motion of the
animals and intruders and report it to the farmer by activating the camera.

6.       Camera

Fig.6  pi Camera

Pi Camera is used to take video of the intruder and this can
be activated by PIR sensor. And the video will be sent to the farmer.

7.      
GSM Module

Using which the information can be sent to the mobile phone
of the farmer.

8.      
WiFi Module

Using which the information can be sent to the application.

9.      
Pump

Pump is used to facilitate water supply to the fields.

Proposed System:

Fig.7 shows the block diagram of
the proposed Model and this model is used to improve the productivity and
reduce the resource utilization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig 7:
Block diagram for proposed system

Farmer will install the system in
the test soil and humidity sensor will sense the humidity in the soil and the
temperature sensor is going to send temperature to the farmer and
simultaneously we will power on the motor and supply water to the fields if
necessary depending on the reading taken from humidity and temperature sensor
and water flow and pressure sensor is used to estimate the time taken for pump
to fill the fields with enough water, and rain drop sensor is used to sense the
rain and to perform rain water harvesting and PIR motion sensor is used to
identify the intruders and activate the camera to take the video of the
intruder and send it to the farmer to take necessary actions.

GPRS module and WiFi module is
used to send information from the set/kit to the farmer.

Conclusion:

Smart Agriculture improves
productivity and saves lives of the farmer in most dangerous situation, it
takes various measures into account

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and automatically turns on/off
the pump and simultaneously sends alerts to the mobile phone of the farmer to
the mobile phone or to the app from where farmer can control the pump.

References:

1. S. R. Nandurkar, V. R.
Thool, R. C. Thool, “Design  and    Development 
of Precision Agriculture System Using Wireless Sensor Network”, IEEE
International Conference       on
Automation, Control, Energy and Systems (ACES), 2014

2 Dr. V .Vidya Devi,G. Meena Kumari, “Real- Time Automation and
Monitoring System      for Modernized
Agriculture” ,International  Journal
of  Review and Research in Applied
Sciences and Engineering  (IJRRASE) Vol3
No.1. PP 7-12, 2013 

3 Y. Kim, R. Evans and W. Iversen, “Remote Sensing and Control of an
Irrigation System Using a Distributed Wireless Sensor Network”, IEEE
Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, pp. 1379–1387, 2008.

4 Hayes, J.; Crowley, K.; Diamond, D. Simultaneous web-based realtime
temperature monitoring using multiple wireless sensor networks. Sensors IEEE,
October 30-November 3, 2005, p. 4. 

5 Arampatzis, T.; Lygeros, J.; Manesis, S. A survey of applications
of wireless sensors and Wireless Sensor Networks. In 2005 IEEE International
Symposium on Intelligent Control & 13th Mediterranean Conference on Control
and Automation. Limassol, Cyprus, 2005, 1-2, 
6 N. Kotamaki and S. Thessler and J. Koskiaho and A. O. Hannukkala and
H. Huitu and T. Huttula and J. Havento and M. Jarvenpaa(2009). “Wireless in-situ
sensor network for agriculture and water monitoring on a river basin scale in
Southern Finland: evaluation from a data users perspective”. Sensors 4, 9:
2862-2883. doi:10.3390/s90402862 2009. 

7 Baker, N. ZigBee and bluetooth – Strengths and weaknesses for
industrial applications. Comput. Control. Eng. 2005, 16, 20-25.   

8   Viswanath Naik.S, S.Pushpa
Bai, Rajesh.P and Mallik arjuna             
Naik.B, IOT Based Green House Monitoring System, International             Journal of Electronics and
Communication Engineering &    
Technology (IJECET), 6(6), 2015, pp.45-47

 

x

Hi!
I'm Joan!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out