On the sector of film production, we have different type of
film movement where they had various debates about which one is the best and
appropriate for a film. In this essay I will talk, give my opinion, compare and
analyse this two film movement of all time which is Italian Neorealism and
Those two movements are similar and at the same time
different, because one like film is happy ending and the second is real ending
which can be sad/happy ending depend to the register. I will start to talk and
describe both film movement.
Neorealism is film movement born on 1945 almost during and after the World War
II, characterised by a concern for social issues
which is poverty, working class and often shot on location
with nonprofessional actors. Italian neorealist films are confronted
with the difficult economic and moral problems of Italy in the fact that they
lived and suffered the Second World War, thus addressing the post-war period,
reflecting changes in the Italian psyche and the conditions of daily life that
are poverty and despair.
The Italian neorealist films mostly fall of
fascism and under the Italian Fascism government by Mussolini. With the fall of the fascist regime of
Mussolini in 1943 and the end of the Second World War, the young directors who
came out of the war participated in the renewal movement of Italian society in
those years. Their commitment was the direct contact, almost documentary, with
the reality that the need for truth after the mystifications and the rhetoric
of the regime that recently freed from fascist censorship that of Mussolini,
succeeded in creating the cinematic realism that was a present trend during the
fascist period of Mussolini that would be the social, political and economic
issues that would never be tolerated by the fascist regime.
In the films
of neorealism, they sometimes had a very critical vision or idea of ??Italian
society, that the attention was focused on social problems such as the effects
of resistance and war, the poverty of the post-war period and also the increase
The films of
Italian neorealism are differentiated by a strong realist role, that is the use
of non-professional actors, of the direct taking of the external landscape of
the cities and the countryside. in the films of neorealism, no longer looks at
individual stories of the person or middle-class, but in collective events as
the Resistance had concerned a story of a whole people, like the partisans,
post-war women, poor people forced to steal a bicycle to find work, retirees,
emigrants. It was filmed all that fascism did not admit to existence as the
poor people starving, the increase in prostitution due to unemployment,
suicides and even where the world of work was really hard.
neorealism has influenced various film styles all over the world, which influenced
the European countries like the kitchen sink school the United Kingdom movement
with “Look back in ager of Tony Richardson on 1956” or the “poor cow of Ken
Loach on 1967”, the French cinema and nouvelle vague with “Mounsieur Ripois of
Rene Clement on 1954 also influenced the south Americas like the cinema novo
Brazilian movement, the early works of Satyajit Ray Indian film movement around
1955 – 1959 and last the united stares of America during 1948 (after WWII) and
1965. The word Neorealism was applied by Antonio Pietrangeli one of big critic
of that time to Luchino Visconti of the film Ossessione 1943 like also to the
others filmmaker like Roberto Rossellini and Vittorio De Sica. One of the most
things of the Italian Neorealism is that based on the reality, this mean that
film directed by De Sica (Bicycle Thieves, 1948) was made it to show the
audients the reality means the poverty of the people after the WWII.
of this Film Movement Italian neorealism, is to make the happy ending of
Hollywood movies like unreal ending.
The classic Hollywood cinema, also called the golden age of
the studios was born in the period between 1920 and 1960. The classic Hollywood
and is a privilege for any kind of approach to the forms and problems of film in
general. the kind of system that Hollywood film industries are developed by
models of American capitalist industry, where they not only have an abundance
and regularity of production but also various particular styles and aesthetics.
moreover, with these peculiarities, they allowed directors to offer all the
measures of their talent within a representation of reality with absolutely
unmistakable connotations. They give the name of “The Golden Age of the Studios”
because during that time was many studios of cinematographic where make a film
and also was the year when the silent movies gave space to the techniques of
voice and sounds. The term Studios have different meaning for example in Italian
it’s mean shoot inside on theatre but the English was meaning of the building office
where the cinematographic studio come from.
The studio system is the industry of classical Hollywood which
the power and the authority is on the big studios, in facts we go 8 studios
which is divided in 2 part: Major is composed of 5 big studios cinematographic
which is Paramount Pictures, Metro – Goldwyn – Mayer, Warner Brothers, Twentieth
Century Fox and at the end of the major we have Radio – Keith – Orpheum, Each
of these majors have facilities specifically for the production of films such
as the theatre’s, post-production studios, warehouses, not only have this but
also have a rich staff under contract as directors, actors, writers, directors
of photography, musicians, costume designers, etc. who then work according to
the directives of the company in which they are contracted. Each of major have
they on policy of the type of of film deliver or type of style to use on the
film etc. for example we can see the difference between the musical of 1930
that Warner Studios and RKO did, they done differently style even if the
musical was the someone of Dance of the light (Gold Diggers of 1933). They also
have three basic pieces that are Production, Distribution and Exercise.
During the time of 1920 – 1960 there were distinctive
collection of movies which had a similar type of story where telling which was
called the classical Hollywood cinema and the type of film style a set of
unwritten rules which was widely accepted by the film makers.1
The Classical Hollywood Film Movement is type of movement
where they want show to the audience the happy ending.
As I mentioned at the beginning the Italian neorealism and
the classic Hollywood are for some aspects similar but for others very different.
One of the primary differences between them is the style of movie making, in
fact the Italian neorealism the style was make a social, artistic and political
statement about being in the world instead the classical Hollywood style is
predictable that mean we now already what will be the ending of the film. Another
differences are the environment that both use to make the movies which in
Classical Hollywood environment need to look realistic and believable to the
viewer therefore the set designer tries to create something that at the eye of
a spectator we do not realise that they are places that are specially created.
The classic Hollywood is a type of style that wants to
convey to the viewers that what they are seeing is real and obviously there
must always be a happy ending.
One of the movies of classical Hollywood is Casablanca, we can have said that the structure of this film have 3 type which is Routine life, Problem solving and Problem resolved most of the Americans film are structure.
The characteristics of Italian neorealism that determine the
entire film movement are: the environment, most important was the street of the
city after the WWII because show the realistic environment with the only
difference that this setting was created after the war, was a documentary
visual style what gave the appearance of a personal story. Something that
really fascinated cinema itself is that in Italian neorealism the actors were
not professionals as they show in the films of Classical Hollywood but they
were ordinary people who could not regulate but had an important thing that
served in Italian cinema more than anything else was the poverty of the people,
the despair of the post-war period, they were perfect for this reason.
in conclusion I want to say that both the Classical
Hollywood and the Italian neorealism are movements that have made history. what
I mean is that even if between them there are different characteristics such as
actors, places and the type of history have left an important mark where
obviously have influenced many other film styles that I mentioned at the