Official water) Important Neighbours: United States of

Official name: Canada

Flag:

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Demographics:
Population: 35,623,680 (since July 2017),
Comprising: Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%,
French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese
4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%
(note: Percentages add up to
more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic
origin)
Official Languages: English
and French
Religions: Catholic
39%, Protestant 20.3%, Orthodox 1.6%, other Christians 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%,
Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9%

Government:
Type: Federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a
constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Head of state: Queen Elizabeth II (monarch of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland); represented by
Governor General Julie Payette
Head of government: Prime Minister Justin Pierre James
Trudeau (Liberal Party)
Cabinet: Federal Ministry chosen by the prime
minister usually from among members of his/her own party sitting in
Parliament

Economics:
GDP: $1.683
trillion, Growth: 1.5% (2016)
GDP per Capita: 19.6% of GDP
Industry
and Exports: transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and
unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products,
petroleum, natural gas
Significant export partners: US 76.4%, China 4.1%
Imports: machinery and
equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity,
durable consumer goods
Import partners: US 52.2%, China 12.1%,
Mexico 6.2%
CAD:USD ratio: 1.3256 (2016)
Natural Resources:
iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold,
lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish,
timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower

Infrastructure:
Electricity: 100% access, 643.2 billion kWh produced
 
Access to
internet: 31,770,034 (89.8%), considered Modern and excellent despite having room for
improvement.

 
Television: 2 public TV broadcasting networks, 1 in English and 1
in French, each with a large number of network affiliates; several
private-commercial networks also with multiple network affiliates
Transportation: 1,467 airports, 1,042,300 km in
roadways, Multiple ports all over the country, 77,932 km in railways
 
Sanitation: 99.8% access to
facilities and drinking water
 

Culture:
Unique Traits:
Great Diversity of Languages and religions, highly liberal
Unique Foods:
Poutine, Maple Syrup, Smoked Salmon, Butter tarts
Sports: Ice Hockey and Lacrosse
Immigration: Takes in Syrian Refugees, has a
migrant rate of 5.7 migrant(s)/1,000
population
Canadian Stereotypes:
Extremely polite and often apologizes, Population is made mainly of
lumberjacks, love Maple Syrup and Hockey

Geography:
Location: North America
Territorial size:
9,984,670 sq km (9,093,507 sq km of land, 891,163 sq km of water)
Important Neighbours:
United States of America (only bordering country)
Climate: varies
from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north
Elevation: 487 m average
Unique Geography:
Canada is the largest country is the world bordering only one country, United
States of America, including Alaska. 3rd-largest country in the
world

Relevant Points for Topic
1:
1)   
In 2005, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) estimates that
600-800 people are trafficked into Canada annually and that additional
1,500-2,200 are trafficked through Canada into the United States
2)   
Aboriginal girls and women are often the victims of
trafficking in Canada, cited as due to the impact of colonialism on
Aboriginal societies
3)   
The
U.S. State Department’s Office to
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed
Canada in “Tier 1”, the highest tier, in 2017.

Relevant Points for Topic
2:
1)   
71.4%
voted for blocs mentioning Humanitarian aid consisting of 83% of seats (Which
signifies popular support)
2)   
Canadians statistically have been cited
to donate out of goodwill, totalling $10.6 billion, about the same amount as
in 2007, $400 per
person. 1
3)   
The
strategy of the Canadian government’s foreign aid policy reflects an emphasis
to meet the Millennium Development Goals, while also providing assistance in
response to foreign humanitarian crises.

 

 

 

1.     Saskatchewan donors more likely to plan
to claim a tax credit In 2010, the fact that governments give a tax credit was
an important motivation to donate for 23% of donors. Nevertheless, 46% of
donors intended to claim a tax credit for a donation made in the previous 12
months. The likelihood that donors intended to claim a tax credit varied from
one province to another. Donors in Nunavut (22%), Quebec (35%) and the
Northwest Territories (37%) were the least likely to say that someone in their
household would claim a tax credit. In comparison, the proportions were 56% for
donors in Saskatchewan and 53% for those in Manitoba and Prince Edward
Island.” The total amount of financial donations that individuals made to
charitable or non-profit organizations stood at $10.6 billion, about the same
amount as in 2007, $400 per person

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