Next, Australia, 31% of the respondents of

Next, the working environment will influence the decision making
whether to stay or leave the current organization. A positive working
environment is an environment that promotes a positive engagement between
staffs. These good engagements can build cooperation, teamwork as well as
respect and sense of wellbeing. Based on a research conducted by Kenny, Reeve, & Hall (2016) among the nurses in Australia, 31% of the respondents of the study
shown dissatisfied with the work environment. This issue can cause the nurses
to leave the organization and lead to the nurse shortage. Besides, in Malaysia,
the job satisfaction of the nurses who work in the specialized unit is higher
compared to the general ward (Ramoo et al., 2013). It may be due to the lack of engagement between nurses in the
busy general ward. It can lead to nurse turnover.

            The change and
difference can be the reasons of nursing staffing issue. There is changes occur
if working in a new place. The change and difference happen in almost parts
including the environment, workload, payment and benefits. They need to
cooperate with new people that have different characteristics from the previous
one and get use to the new environment. Nurses also have the possibility to
leave the organization due to the payment received are not reasonable to the
workload. 28% of the Australian nurses who involve in the research by Kenny et al. (2016), portrayed dissatisfaction towards the hours of working and wages.

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            The time span
properties of the transition theory can be related to the nursing shortage
issue by the ability of the nurses to adapt with the environment. Besides that,
as moving over time, the nurses have the aim for their education and
professional development. These targets are good and really beneficial for the
nursing profession. However, some of the nurses will leave the hospital to be
involved into teaching and research and obtained the career opportunity abroad (AbuAlRub et al., 2013). These leaving nurses provide a shortage in delivering care in the
hospital.

            The transition
that happened has its own critical points and event. The critical events that
happen throughout the working experience sometimes can influence nurses to
turnover form the nursing profession. For those who are strong in facing the
difficulties will survive. Therefore, it can be understood that the properties
of the transition theory can help in determining the factors that involve in
nurse shortage.

7.0 CONCLUSION

            As a conclusion, the transition theory by Meleis can be applies is
obtaining information regarding the nursing shortage. It is really hoped that
this assignment can help in providing information pertaining to the theoretical
framework that has been applied in other research related to nurse retention.
The transition theory used the properties of awareness, engagement, change and
difference, time span and critical points as the evaluation method.

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