is one of the greatest Athenian play writes of ancient Greece. One of the three
most famous tragedians of his time, along with Sophocles and Aeschylus,
Euripides being the youngest and possibly the most influential among the three.
Born around 480 BC to the son of Cleito and Mnesarchus. Over the course of career
he only won five first place prizes out of the 90 that he wrote. Out of those
90 plays there approximately 19 plays that had survived. Married a woman named
Melite and later married Choerine, the mother of his 3 sons. Died in Macedonia
at the age of 74 due to old age. Euripides was buried at Arethusa. The Athenians
built him a monument in Athens.
of his most known plays are: Medea, The Bacchae, Hippolytus, and Alcestisis.
Medea is possibly his most famous play even
though Medea had only won third place. Medea had first been performed in 431 BC at
the City of Dionysia festival where every year play writes could compete at. Medea
is a tragedy about Medea; a princess who marries a man named Jason and moved
their family to Corinth. Where Jason abandons his wife and children to remarry
the daughter of the king of Corinth. Out of jealousy, Medea sent poisonous
gifts to his wife and afterward killed her own children to hurt him even when
she considered how much it would pain her as well. Euripides won first place
didn’t achieve many awards because judges preferred comedic plays and Euripides
wrote tragic and controversial plays although he did write some tragicomedies.
Euripides wrote about many controversial topics like war, women, and religion.
He was not afraid to write about these themes and often did. Euripides
criticizes men for mistreating women and shows that women can be just as strong
as men, also shown in Medea. He views slaves, women, and children equal to men
and those with social status.
Trojan Woman is another well-known work of Euripides. The Trojan woman was
produced in 415 BC during the Peloponnesian War. Euripides won second prize. The Trojan women
takes place after the Trojan men had been killed. Women and children became
slaves to the Greeks. Euripides shows empathy to those who had innocently
suffering to the wars more specifically to women, children, and the elderly.
the end of his life he stayed in Thessaly at the court of King Achelous and
Macedonia. His last play was The Bacchae., another tragedy. His sons put the
play on after Euripides death. The Bacchae won first place in the City Dionysia