Between 1820 and 1860, the map of the United States was greatly
changed by a quick expansion of territories. This incredible change fueled the
Second Industrial Revolution which spiked between 1870 and 1914.
In the years after the Civil War, the United States became a strong industrial
giant. Older industries grew and many other ideas were discovered, including
petroleum refining, steel manufacturing, and electrical power. Railroads
expanded quite a bit as well and this effected the country in more ways than
one. This intense
growth with the Industrial Revolution, within a fast growing America, led to
is a policy where the stronger nations extend their economic, political, and
military control over weaker nations. Usually
imperialism results in the stronger nation creating a colony in the weaker
nation to maintain its control. European
countries, by the late 19th century, had established colonies on the
following continents: Africa, Asia,
South and Central America. The US already
had developed a history of expansion long before it become imperialistic. In 1803 the US purchased the Louisiana
Territory from France, doubling the size of the country. The growth of the US continued from there.
of the main issues that fueled the new American Imperialism were the strong
want for new markets to sell US goods.
They also had the interest in military strength so that they could
adequately compete with other world powers.
The US wanted their respect as well.
The US also had a belief in cultural superiority. America wanted a new frontier to settle in
order to maintain America’s identity and economic growth. In the late 19th century, the US
advanced in technology so much that it enabled American farms and factories to
produce far more than American citizens could consume. The US had suffered a depression in 1893 and
unemployment was high. It was quite
difficult to find work and take care of your family.