As 2014-2015, especially for women, which highlighted

As we
talk about CANADA, unemployment rate has been fluctuating from 7% to 9% and now
at 5.8% 2000-2017. The unemployment rate in Canada dropped to
5.9% in 2017 november from 6.3% in October and beneath market outlooks of 6.2 %.
Since February 2008 as economy created 80000 jobs, it is seen to be the lowest rate
of unemployment. The unemployment Rate in Canada was detected to be 7.68 % from
1966 until 2017 at average, reaching 13.10
% which was the highest in December 1982 and of 2.9% in June 2000 which was recorded to be the lowest. In November, employment increased
for women 55 and plus, for youngsters aged 15 – 24, and for men aged 25 – 54. Employment
also took an increasing turn in Ontario, Columbia, Quebec and Prince Edward
Island, while there was little change in the other cities. Employment gains, wholesale
and retail trade, manufacturing, educational services, and construction were recorded
in some goods and services producing industries. However, a decrease was measured
in agriculture sector. In November, rise in job provision was observed in
private sector employees mainly compared to public sector employees.

Pakistan’s unemployment rate during
2000-2016 was seen to be 6.01% with a minimum of 4.26% following 1994 and a maximum of 8.3% following 2003 at average. Following an increasing labor force contribution rate from
50% in 1999-2000 to 52.5% in 2006-2007 and 6% in 2014-2015, the ratio of population
to employment went upwards over the last ten years which started from 46.8
percent in 1999-2000 – 60.4 percent in 2014-2015, especially for
women, which highlighted the efforts made by Government in order to create more
employment opportunities for everyone. Overall, men seem to benefit more from labor
market advances. In 2012-2013, the share of men with a pay and salaried job was
at 41.2% which is almost double than that of females that is 21.6%, highlighting
a situation in which the few wage and salaried jobs that are created tend to go
in the hands of men rather than women. Approximately six out of ten employed people
in Pakistan (61.6 %) in 2012-2013 were considered to be at risk of lacking
decent work. The large share of female vulnerability that is 78% needs special
attention. Also large share of youth vulnerability is a matter of concern which
happens to be 60.9%. Although young people are better skilled compared to adult
labor force, they unfortunately have to face similar labor market issues as
adults. Moreover, a very low percentage of labor productivity has been seen in
Pakistan over the last decade. Furthermore, the relatively low growth in labor
productivity has not gone hand in hand with the rising labor force and
employment growth. This development suggests that many new labor market
entrants are taking working on low productivity and poorly paid salary.

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