The scientific method is an orderly process entailing a
number of steps:

1.      
Recognition and definition of a problem

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2.      
Formulation of hypotheses

3.      
Collection of data

4.      
Analysis of data

5.      
Statement of conclusion regarding confirmation
or disconfirmation of the hypotheses

This method is significant to
build mostly thinking skills in educators and students. It allows us to analyze
situations that we find ourselves or students in if they don’t have an answer.
It also, lets us understand why things happen. If we know why things happen, it
makes it easier to know what we need to do about them. The scientific method
derives from a combination of two types of reasoning, Inductive and deductive.

Inductive reasoning involves developing generalizations based
on observation of a limited number of related events or experiences. When
students or teacher use inductive reasoning, they are going through the data or
evidence to determine what the pattern may be.

Example:

Every one of Mrs. Bailey’s reading quizzes has been easy;
therefore her reading test will be easy.

Deductive reasoning is essentially
the reverse process of inductive reasoning. It arrives at a specific conclusion
based on general principles, observations, and experiences. Deductive reasoning
is teaching students, and teachers to look for information before deciding on
the right one. Below is an activity to show great deductive reasoning skills.
This activity was used in a second- grade math class.

Activity:

Use coins

Place a quarter, nickel, dime and penny in the center of a circle
of students.

Make these statements.

1. The coin I am thinking of is silver in color.

2. The coin I am thinking of is not the largest in size.

3. The coin I am thinking of is bigger than a dime in size.

Answer: Can you use deductive reason skills to figure the answer?

What I did realize is how much I have used the
scientific method in my classroom without even knowing. Before, I thought of
scientific reasoning only used in a science class with an experiment. Who else
did not realize that they were using the scientific method in their classroom
when trying to solve a problem?

 

 

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